Periodontal disease or gum disease is an infection of the gums with polymicrobial bacteria as the causative agent. When bacteria keep multiplying on the surface of the tooth it can develop into a hard mineralised substance known as tartar. This can cause the gum to become swollen and red due to response to bacterial presence. The end result may be bone loss, tooth loss, and even heart disease as complications that may arise if this condition is not treated.
Traditionally, gum disease can be taken care of by scraping with ultrasonic scalers and sharp objects to take out biofilm, tartar and other toxic bacteria from the surface of the tooth roots. This mode of treatment can however cause pain, swelling and bleeding.
Gum disease can cause a lot of pain and discomfort as you most likely will know if you have experienced it. However, a solution that can help you treat your diseased gums in a very efficient manner is Laser treatment. Laser Treatment is very good for treatment of periodontal disease.
Non-Surgical Method for The Treatment of Gum Disease
A good number of clinicians have a preference for non-surgical method for the treatment of gum disease and as such the use dental laser is chosen over the traditional treatment using scalers. This is according to the American Dental Association. Laser are actually minute beams of light that are used to destroy and eliminate harmful bacteria. Using laser treatment to treat him disease has some positive effects such as the removal of tartar, decrease of bacteria, assisting in the reattachment of gum tissue and also, biostimilation to aid better healing.
Treatment Procedure Using Laser Treatment
PerioLase MVP-7 is a Nd:YAG laser which eliminates the germs present over a large area of the infected tissues, roots, and bone. This is done by tuning the laser light to the harmful bacteria so it shines through the infected areas just as a flashlight shines through the back of the hand. The germs will be killed in the process as the laser beam penetrates and only notices the infected tissue and bad germs. The destruction rate of these germs that cause diseases have been put at a figure as high as 99.9% according to reports in some scientific literature.
In order to carry out the LANAP laser treatment, a fiber which is as thin as three human hairs is inserted by the dentist into the pockets that are infected to kill germs and all infected tissue. After that is deep cleaning, which is the removal of calculus with the aid of an ultrasonic root cleaner instead of using hand tools to scrape. Lastly, the stem cell which contains blood in the pocket, is warmed by the laser energy. The laser warming causes the soft gum pockets to become sticky and also it creates a seal of the tissues against the root of the tooth. This seal serves as a protection for the pocket from plaque and germs so they do not find their way into the newly disinfected pockets so that the healing process can fully begin.
Apart from the destruction of bacteria and infection, the LANAP protocol serves to stimulate the stem cells in the tissues as well in order to form new collagen, connective tissues and bone. The previously lost structures will then undergo regeneration through the body’s healing process.
Benefits of Laser Treatment
Currently, lasers are thought of to be the leading-edge treatment when it comes to handling cases of periodontal disease. Some of the advantages enjoyed with the use of laser treatment include:
- Elimination of drill noise
- Enhanced success
- Reduction of anxiety cases in patients that may be caused by use of dental drills
- Elimination of the noise from noisy ultrasonic instruments
- The periodontal pockets are sealed up
- Reduced gum trauma
- Healing time is faster
- Reduced or eliminated tooth loss as healthy tooth may preserved when cavities are removed
- Swelling and bleeding is minimized during treatment of soft tissue
- There is a lesser need for an anesthetic to be used as there is less pain
Are There Any Possible Side Effects?
Treatment using dental lasers for him treatment may or may not cause harm. This is because each laser on its own have a different power level and wavelength between themselves which can be used in a safe manner by a dental professional throughout the different periodontal processes. Harm can however occur to periodontal tissues in situations when a wavelength or power level which is not suitable is used in the course of a periodontal process.
There have been investigations to determine the safety of dental lasers, and the American Dental Association has expressed optimism on the role that laser technology has to play in the long run in the field of dentistry. But at the moment, there have not been any adequate confirmation to recommend that any particular wavelength of laser is better than the normal methods that is employed in the treatment of periodontal disease. Although, some effects such as swelling and bleeding are totally absent or highly reduced in the use of laser treatment for gum disease.
It is imperative that good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing must carried out so that your mouth can be kept in a good condition.
If you do have gum disease and will like to consider laser treatment, then it will interest you to know that laser gum treatments are covered by most insurance plans. You can make inquiries of your doctor so at to know your options and also, more about gum disease management or laser therapy.